In this guide we’ll look at how you can configure Postfix MTA as a send-only SMTP server on Debian 11|10, meaning it doesn’t receive and process emails. Its job is only to act as Local mail transfer agent. Postfix is a popular open source Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) used in Linux and Unix environments.
A send only mail server is useful especially when used in scripting, e.g having a cron job that sends an email about the status of its execution, or an application that sends an email to you when certain events happen.
Configure Postfix as a Send-Only SMTP Server on Debian 11|10
Installing and configuring Postfix as a Send-Only SMTP Server on Debian 11|10 is an easy process. Start by updating your system
sudo apt update
Also set a hostname for the server so that emails will show a from address with valid domain section.
sudo hostnamectl set-hostname smtp.example.com --static
Install mailutils package other mail utilities.
sudo apt install mailutils
Finally install postfix:
sudo apt install postfix
As the package installs, you’ll be asked to select an option on screen for your mail server. For “General type of email configuration” window, select Internet site and click OK button
The next page will ask you to set your Mail server name, this can be domain or server hostname with an A record.
Select OK to save the settings and finish the installation.
Configure Postfix MTA Server
Edit Postfix configuration file
/etc/postfix/main.cf to ensure it is configured as send only ( Only relaying emails from the local server).
Set Postfix to listen on the
127.0.0.1loopback interface. The default setting is to listen on all interfaces.
inet_interfaces = loopback-only
myhostname to your Server FQDN
Restart Postfix service for it to pick the new changes,
sudo systemctl restart postfix
You have successfully installed and configured Postfix as a Send only MTA server on Debian 11|10. To test email delivery, use the
echo "Postfix Send-Only Server" | mail -s "Postfix Testing" [email protected]
You can also load existing data to
mail -s "Mail Subject" [email protected] < /home/jmutai/file.txt
This will send an email with the content loaded from
/home/jmutai/file.txt in the message section.