How do I install and configure FreeIPA Client on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8?. In our last guide, we covered the installation of FreeIPA server on RHEL / CentOS 8. This article will focus on how to Install FreeIPA Client on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8. The FreeIPA Client is installed on machines to be authenticated against FreeIPA Server.
FreeIPA Client integrates with many Linux native services such as:
- SSH – server can keep SSH public keys used by both sshd and ssh
- SUDO – server can provide centralized sudoers to all clients.
- automount – server can keep automount maps consumed by client autofs differentiated by a location.
- SELinux user map – server can keep policies to assign different SELinux user roles to users, based on their group or host group.
These integrations allow a System Administrator to conveniently configure them centrally, on the FreeIPA server. When a management command is executed on the Client machine, the FreeIPA client sends it to the server where it is executed.
Install FreeIPA Client on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8
On RHEL / CentOS 8, FreeIPA client is available as an AppStream module.
$ sudo yum module list idm Updating Subscription Management repositories. Updating Subscription Management repositories. Last metadata expiration check: 0:16:51 ago on Sat 29 Dec 2018 09:52:44 AM EAT. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 for x86_64 - AppStream Beta (RPMs) Name Stream Profiles Summary idm DL1 adtrust, client, dns, server, default [d] The Red Hat Enterprise Linux Identity Management system module idm client [d] default [d] RHEL IdM long term support client module Hint: [d]efault, [e]nabled, [x]disabled, [i]nstalled
From the output, you can see we have
client Streams. For more information about the FreeIPA client stream, run:
sudo yum module info idm:client
Install FreeIPA client on CentOS / RHEL 8 system by executing the command below in your terminal.
sudo yum -y install @idm:client
Check version of ipa-client installed.
$ rpm -qi ipa-client Name : ipa-client Version : 4.7.1 Release : 1.el8+1957+d517d3b2 Architecture: x86_64 Install Date: Sat 29 Dec 2018 10:00:11 AM EAT Group : System Environment/Base Size : 293787 License : GPLv3+ Signature : RSA/SHA256, Tue 23 Oct 2018 09:19:02 AM EAT, Key ID 199e2f91fd431d51 Source RPM : ipa-4.7.1-1.el8+1957+d517d3b2.src.rpm Build Date : Sun 07 Oct 2018 02:51:43 PM EAT Build Host : x86-vm-07.build.eng.bos.redhat.com Relocations : (not relocatable) Packager : Red Hat, Inc. http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla Vendor : Red Hat, Inc. URL : https://www.freeipa.org/ Summary : IPA authentication for use on clients Description : IPA is an integrated solution to provide centrally managed Identity (users, hosts, services), Authentication (SSO, 2FA), and Authorization (host access control, SELinux user roles, services). The solution provides features for further integration with Linux based clients (SUDO, automount) and integration with Active Directory based infrastructures (Trusts). If your network uses IPA for authentication, this package should be installed on every client machine. This package provides command-line tools for IPA administrators.
You can do the same for sssd.
$ rpm -qi sssd Name : sssd Version : 2.0.0 Release : 21.el8 Architecture: x86_64 Install Date: Wed 26 Dec 2018 10:54:09 AM EAT Group : Applications/System Size : 35147 License : GPLv3+ Signature : RSA/SHA256, Tue 16 Oct 2018 06:03:29 PM EAT, Key ID 199e2f91fd431d51 Source RPM : sssd-2.0.0-21.el8.src.rpm Build Date : Tue 16 Oct 2018 03:25:43 PM EAT Build Host : x86-vm-02.build.eng.bos.redhat.com Relocations : (not relocatable) Packager : Red Hat, Inc. http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla Vendor : Red Hat, Inc. URL : https://pagure.io/SSSD/sssd/ Summary : System Security Services Daemon Description : Provides a set of daemons to manage access to remote directories and authentication mechanisms. It provides an NSS and PAM interface toward the system and a plug-gable back-end system to connect to multiple different account sources. It is also the basis to provide client auditing and policy services for projects like FreeIPA. The sssd sub-package is a meta-package that contains the daemon as well as all the existing back ends.
Configure FreeIPA Client on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8
Once the installation of the FreeIPA Client packages is complete. Add hostname and IP address of your IPA Server to /etc/hosts file if you don’t have a working DNS resolution.
echo "192.168.58.121 ipa.example.com"| sudo tee /etc/hosts
Set your system hostname.
export HNAME="rhel8.example.com" sudo hostnamectl set-hostname $HNAME --static sudo hostname $HNAME
Finally, configure the FreeIPA client on your system by running the command below.
sudo ipa-client-install --hostname=rhel8.example.com \ --mkhomedir \ --server=ipa.example.com \ --domain example.com \ --realm EXAMPLE.COM
- rhel8.example.com – Client host name
- ipa.example.com FreeIPA Server host name
- example.com – Domain name configured in FreeIPA Server
- EXAMPLE.COM – FreeIPA server Kerberos REALM
Your installation should be similar to example below.
This program will set up IPA client. Version 4.7.1 Autodiscovery of servers for failover cannot work with this configuration. If you proceed with the installation, services will be configured to always access the discovered server for all operations and will not fail over to other servers in case of failure. Proceed with fixed values and no DNS discovery? [no]: yes Client hostname: rhel8.example.com Realm: EXAMPLE.COM DNS Domain: example.com IPA Server: ipa.example.com BaseDN: dc=example,dc=com Continue to configure the system with these values? [no]: yes Synchronizing time No SRV records of NTP servers found and no NTP server or pool address was provided. Using default chrony configuration. Attempting to sync time with chronyc. Time synchronization was successful. User authorized to enroll computers: admin Password for [email protected]: <admin Password> Successfully retrieved CA cert Subject: CN=Certificate Authority,O=EXAMPLE.COM Issuer: CN=Certificate Authority,O=EXAMPLE.COM Valid From: 2019-03-24 10:12:55 Valid Until: 2038-03-24 10:12:55 Enrolled in IPA realm EXAMPLE.COM Created /etc/ipa/default.conf Configured sudoers in /etc/nsswitch.conf Configured /etc/sssd/sssd.conf Configured /etc/krb5.conf for IPA realm EXAMPLE.COM Systemwide CA database updated. Hostname (rhel8.local) does not have A/AAAA record. Failed to update DNS records. Missing A/AAAA record(s) for host rhel8.local: 192.168.122.198. Incorrect reverse record(s): 192.168.122.198 is pointing to rhel8.example.com Adding SSH public key from /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key.pub Adding SSH public key from /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key.pub Adding SSH public key from /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub Could not update DNS SSHFP records. SSSD enabled Configured /etc/openldap/ldap.conf Configured /etc/ssh/ssh_config Configured /etc/ssh/sshd_config Configuring example.com as NIS domain. Client configuration complete. The ipa-client-install command was successful
If you have DNS server, FreeIPA client installer can discover FreeIPA server and pull required installation. The command:
Should be sufficient to configure client machine.
Enable Creation of home directories on the first Login
If user’s home directory are not created automatically, enable this feature by running the command below.
$ sudo authconfig --enablemkhomedir --update ... Executing: /usr/bin/authselect check Executing: /usr/bin/authselect current --raw Executing: /usr/bin/authselect select sssd with-sudo with-mkhomedir --force Executing: /usr/bin/systemctl enable oddjobd.service Executing: /usr/bin/systemctl stop oddjobd.service Executing: /usr/bin/systemctl start oddjobd.service
Check if user’s identification is visible on the server.
$ id josphat uid=1676000008(josphat) gid=1676000008(josphat) groups=1676000008(josphat),1676000007(wheel-users)
Test FreeIPA LDAP user authentication.
$ ssh [email protected] Password: Password expired. Change your password now. Current Password: New password: <Set new passwoird Retype new password: Activate the web console with: systemctl enable --now cockpit.socket [[email protected] ~]$ id uid=1201400003(test1) gid=1201400003(test1) groups=1201400003(test1) context=unconfined_u:unconfined_r:unconfined_t:s0-s0:c0.c1023
Using FreeIPA ipa Command Line Management Tool
You can administer FreeIPA Server from the client machine using ipa command line tool.
First, obtain a Kerberos ticket.
$ sudo kinit admin Password for [email protected]:
Check ticket expiry information using klist.
$ klist Ticket cache: KCM:0 Default principal: [email protected] Valid starting Expires Service principal 03/24/2019 11:48:06 03/25/2019 11:48:04 krbtgt/EXAMPLE.COM@EXAMPLE.COM
Test by adding a user account and listing accounts present:
$ sudo ipa user-add test \ --first=Test --last=User \ --email=[email protected] --password Password: Enter Password again to verify: ------------------- Added user "test" ------------------- User login: test First name: Test Last name: User Full name: Test User Display name: Test User Initials: TU Home directory: /home/test GECOS: Test User Login shell: /bin/bash Principal name: [email protected] Principal alias: [email protected] User password expiration: 20190324085532Z Email address: [email protected] UID: 1201400001 GID: 1201400001 Password: True Member of groups: ipausers Kerberos keys available: True
ipa user-find test
Enable Passwordless Authentication using Private Key
If you would like to authenticate to a server without a password, copy your Public key to FreeIPA Server:
Click the Add button under “SSH public keys“, paste your public key into the box and save.
Removing IPA Client from CentOS 8 / RHEL 8 system
Removal of FreeIPA client on CentOS / RHEL 8 can be done by running the command:
$ sudo ipa-client-install --uninstall Unenrolling client from IPA server Removing Kerberos service principals from /etc/krb5.keytab Disabling client Kerberos and LDAP configurations Redundant SSSD configuration file /etc/sssd/sssd.conf was moved to /etc/sssd/sssd.conf.deleted Restoring client configuration files Unconfiguring the NIS domain. nscd daemon is not installed, skip configuration nslcd daemon is not installed, skip configuration Systemwide CA database updated. Client uninstall complete. The original nsswitch.conf configuration has been restored. You may need to restart services or reboot the machine. Do you want to reboot the machine? [no]: The ipa-client-install command was successful
There you have it. FreeIPA client has been installed and configured on RHEL / CentOS 8 system.