The SeaMonkey is an open-source internet application suite that provides browser, chat, email management, and web development tools in a single solution. In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install SeaMonkey on Linux Mint 21 or Linux Mint 20 desktop with the official Ubuntuzilla Repository APT repository using the command line terminal and instructions on updating and removing the software in the future if required.
What is SeaMonkey Internet Suite?
The SeaMonkey project is a free, open-source, cross-platform web browser based on the Gecko layout engine used in Firefox. The SeaMonkey Project offers a complete set of applications designed to work together seamlessly. This includes a web browser, email/newsreader, IRC chat client, HTML editor, RSS reader, and more.
SeaMonkey is based on the open-source Mozilla Gecko engine, the same code which underlies the highly successful Thunderbird email client and is the basis for the Firefox web browser. SeaMonkey benefits from the cross-fertilization with these other projects by gaining (and contributing) new features and ongoing security updates, which are a modern necessity. The SeaMonkey Association provides legal backing for the SeaMonkey project.
Note about the Tutorial
The following tutorial was done with a Linux Mint 21, which many users know is based on the Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish LTS release., and example images were taken. Still, it was tested on the older Linux Mint 20 release that is still supported and based on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fosa. In the future, if Ubuntu makes any changes to break the tutorial for one of the distribution versions, please place a comment for me to investigate so I can update the tutorial.
Recommended Steps Before Installation
Before proceeding with the tutorial, ensuring your system is up-to-date with all existing packages is good.
sudo apt update
Optionally, you can list the updates for users who require review or are curious.
sudo apt --list upgradable
Proceed to upgrade any outdated packages using the following command.
sudo apt upgrade
The first and easiest method is to install SeaMonkey using the source APT repository.
First, install the required packages.
sudo apt install dirmngr software-properties-common apt-transport-https -y
For users who have not previously imported a GPG key from the Ubuntu keyserver, the command line terminal will often have issues importing GPG keys from LaunchPAD PPAs because the directories are not created. This is an easy fix. Use the following command that will, in turn, generate the directories.
sudo gpg --list-keys
gpg: directory '/root/.gnupg' created gpg: keybox '/root/.gnupg/pubring.kbx' created gpg: /root/.gnupg/trustdb.gpg: trustdb created
Next, import the GPG key required to verify the authenticity of the packages as follows.
sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring /usr/share/keyrings/ubuntuzilla.gpg --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 2667CA5C
[email protected]:~$ sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring /usr/share/keyrings/ubuntuzilla.gpg --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 2667CA5C gpg: keybox '/usr/share/keyrings/ubuntuzilla.gpg' created gpg: key B7B9C16F2667CA5C: public key "Daniel Folkinshteyn (Ubuntuzilla signing key) <[email protected]>" imported gpg: Total number processed: 1 gpg: imported: 1
Now import the APT repository using the following command.
printf 'deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/ubuntuzilla.gpg] https://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/ubuntuzilla/mozilla/apt all main\n' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ubuntuzilla.list
The above command works for both Linux Mint 21.xx and Linux Mint 20.xx.
Run a quick APT update to reflect the newly added APT source.
sudo apt update
Lastly, install SeaMonkey using the following command.
sudo apt install seamonkey-mozilla-build
Launch SeaMonkey Internet Suite
The best method to launch SeaMonkey Internet Suite is the application icon.
Taskbar > Show Applications > Mozilla Build of SeaMonkey
Alternatively, you may want to use it for applications quite frequently. Right-click the icon and add it to favorites, making the icons appear on the taskbar.
Once you open the suite, you will be prompted to set SeaMonkey as the default client for various items such as browser, email, newsgroups, etc.
Congratulations, you have learned how to install SeaMonkey.
Additional Commands & Tips
Next are the commands to run in your terminal to check for updates. These commands will blanket-check all installed packages on your system that match the installation package manager. Ideally, you should run this regardless, even if auto-updates are set up to ensure your system is up-to-date and no update errors occur for newer users.
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
Remove (Uninstall) SeaMonkey
First, remove the internet suite using the following command for users that no longer wish to have SeaMonkey installed.
sudo apt install seamonkey-mozilla-build --purge
Users that will no longer require the APT import repository since you will not use it again can safely remove it, which is good housekeeping and security best practices.
sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ubuntuzilla.list
Optionally, you can remove the GPG as well with the following command.
sudo rm /usr/share/keyrings/ubuntuzilla.gpg
SeaMonkey is an excellent option for a free, open-source internet suite. The tutorial has demonstrated how to import the official repository using CLI commands and install the software directly using the APT package manager, ensuring you will have the suite up-to-date whenever an update arrives on the third-party repository.