In this guide, I’ll show you how to Install Metabase with Systemd on Ubuntu 22.04/20.04/18.04/16.04. Metabase is a simple and powerful analytics tool which lets you learn and make decisions from your company’s data without any technical knowledge required.
To run the Metabase jar file you need to have Java installed on your system. Currently, Metabase requires Java 8 or higher and will work on either the OpenJDK or Oracle JDK.
For Debian: Install Metabase with Systemd on Debian
Step 1: Install Java on Ubuntu 22.04|20.04|18.04|16.04
As of this writing, Metabase will run on Java version 8 and 11. Install Java on Ubuntu by running the commands provides in the sections below.
Update your APT package index:
sudo apt -y update
Then install Java JDK on Ubuntu system:
sudo apt install -y default-jdk
You can query for the version of Java installed using the following command:
$ java -version openjdk version "11.0.11" 2021-04-20 OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.11+9-Ubuntu-0ubuntu2.20.04) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.11+9-Ubuntu-0ubuntu2.20.04, mixed mode, sharing)
Step 2: Install and Configure the Database server ( MariaDB)
You can skip this step if you have a datastore for Metabase already configured.
I had written a guide on how to install the MariaDB database server on Ubuntu
Follow the steps in the link to get a running database server in 2 minutes. When done, create a database for your Metabase like below
Login to MySQL shell as root user
sudo mysql -u root -p
Create a database and user with access privileges
CREATE DATABASE metabase; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON metabase.* TO 'metabase'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY "StrongPassword"; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; QUIT
If the database server is remote, assign privilege to a user at specific IP address, e.g
Or allow access from any IP – Not recommended for a server with public access.
Step 3: Install Metabase on Ubuntu 22.04/20.04/18.04/16.04
Download Metabase and save it on the path where you want the application to run from.
export VER=0.43.2 wget http://downloads.metabase.com/v$VER/metabase.jar sudo mkdir -p /apps/java sudo cp metabase.jar /apps/java
The most basic way of running Metabase to use the
javacommand to launch the application.
$ java -jar metabase.jar 01-14 21:24:56 DEBUG plugins.classloader :: Using NEWLY CREATED classloader as shared context classloader: [email protected] 01-14 21:24:57 INFO metabase.util :: Loading Metabase... 01-14 21:24:57 INFO metabase.util :: Maximum memory available to JVM: 483.4 MB 01-14 21:25:01 INFO util.encryption :: Saved credentials encryption is DISABLED for this Metabase instance. 🔓 For more information, see https://metabase.com/docs/latest/operations-guide/encrypting-database-details-at-rest.html .....
This will start the Metabase application using all of the default settings.
Step 4: Configure Metabase Systemd service
The best way to run Metabase is using Systemd init system available on both Ubuntu Linux system.
For the sake of simplicity, I’ll do a specific systemd service file for metabase
Start by creating a system group for the user.
sudo groupadd -r appmgr
Next, we create a system user
appmgr with the default group
sudo useradd -r -s /bin/false -g appmgr appmgr
Give this user ownership permission to the applications directory:
sudo chown -R appmgr:appmgr /apps/java
Create a systemd service unit file:
sudo vim /etc/systemd/system/metabase.service
Add the contents below to the file.
[Unit] Description=Metabase applicaion service Documentation=https://www.metabase.com/docs/latest [Service] WorkingDirectory=/apps/java ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -Xms128m -Xmx256m -jar metabase.jar User=appmgr Type=simple Restart=on-failure RestartSec=10 [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Set your values for maximum and minimum memory allowed for the Java application (
-Xms128m and -Xmx256m ) in my case
The next thing to do is start the application service, but first, reload systemd so that it loads the new application added.
sudo systemctl daemon-reload
Once reloaded, start the service and set it to start on boot:
sudo systemctl start metabase.service sudo systemctl enable metabase.service
To check the status, use:
sudo systemctl status metabase
Step 5: Access Metabase Web User Interface
After the service is started, Metabase server will listen on port
3000 by default.
$ sudo ss -tunelp | grep 3000 tcp LISTEN 0 50 *:3000 *:* users:(("java",pid=14386,fd=18)) uid:998 ino:85041 sk:a v6only:0 <->
Access the web page to finish setup using
Click “Let’s get started” button to start the setup. On the next page, create a user to manage Metabase
Provide info about your MySQL database – username and password. If you don’t have that right now, Metabase also comes with a sample dataset you can get started with.
You need to feed your data to the database configured above. Metabase will check for data there. Once you finish the setup, you’ll get access to Metabase Administration panel
See the Metabase getting Started page to start adding Dataset and playing with your data. Also, visit Official metabase documentation for detailed setup and administration.