In this guide, I’ll take you through the steps to install and use Snap on CentOS 8 / CentOS 7 server. For those new to snap terminology, snap comes from Snappy which is a package management and software deployment system from Canonical. It was originally designed for the Ubuntu phone operating system.
What is a snap?
- is a squashFS filesystem containing your app code and a
snap.yamlfile containing specific metadata. It has a read-only file-system and, once installed, a writable area.
- is self-contained. It bundles most of the libraries and runtimes it needs and can be updated and reverted without affecting the rest of the system.
- is confined from the OS and other apps through security mechanisms, but can exchange content and functions with other snaps according to fine-grained policies controlled by the user and the OS defaults.
What is Snapd?
Snapd is a REST API daemon service that runs on your Linux system to manage snap packages (“snaps“). It interacts with the snap store and provides the command client
snap used to interact with it. You must install snapd before you can start managing snaps on any Linux distribution.
Why use Snaps?
Snap packages any app for every Linux desktop, server, cloud or device. Snaps are faster to install, easier to create, safer to run, and they update automatically and transactionally so your app is always fresh and never broken. You can bring your own build infrastructure or use ours.
Install and Use Snapd on CentOS 8 / CentOS 7
Follow steps below to install Snapd on CentOS 7 / CentOS 8 Linux system.
Install Snapd on CentOS 8
Add EPEL repository
sudo dnf -y install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm sudo dnf -y upgrade
Install Snap on CentOS 8
sudo dnf -y install snapd sudo systemctl enable --now snapd.socket sudo ln -s /var/lib/snapd/snap /snap
Install Snap on CentOS 7
Kick off the installation by adding
epel repository and installing
copr yum plugin.
sudo yum install epel-release sudo yum install yum-plugin-copr
Then add the repo:
$ sudo yum copr enable ngompa/snapcore-el7 Loaded plugins: copr, fastestmirror You are about to enable a Copr repository. Please note that this repository is not part of the main Fedora distribution, and quality may vary. The Fedora Project does not exercise any power over the contents of this repository beyond the rules outlined in the Copr FAQ at <https://fedorahosted.org/copr/wiki/UserDocs#WhatIcanbuildinCopr>, and packages are not held to any quality or securty level. Please do not file bug reports about these packages in Fedora Bugzilla. In case of problems, contact the owner of this repository. Do you want to continue? [y/N]: y copr done
Once the repository has been added, install snapd package.
sudo yum -y install snapd
Wait for the installation to finish then enable snapd socket:
$ sudo systemctl enable --now snapd.socket Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/sockets.target.wants/snapd.socket to /usr/lib/systemd/system/snapd.socket.
Classic confinement requires snaps under
/snap or symlink from
/var/lib/snapd/snap. Create a symlink for it like below:
sudo ln -s /var/lib/snapd/snap /snap
Snapd is now ready for use. You interact with it using the snap command. See help page below:
$ snap --help The snap command lets you install, configure, refresh and remove snaps. Snaps are packages that work across many different Linux distributions, enabling secure delivery and operation of the latest apps and utilities. Usage: snap <command> [<options>...] Commonly used commands can be classified as follows: Basics: find, info, install, remove, list ...more: refresh, revert, switch, disable, enable, create-cohort History: changes, tasks, abort, watch Daemons: services, start, stop, restart, logs Permissions: connections, interface, connect, disconnect Configuration: get, set, unset, wait App Aliases: alias, aliases, unalias, prefer Account: login, logout, whoami Snapshots: saved, save, check-snapshot, restore, forget Device: model, reboot, recovery ... Other: warnings, okay, known, ack, version Development: download, pack, run, try For more information about a command, run 'snap help <command>'. For a short summary of all commands, run 'snap help --all'.
Install Snap Applications on CentOS 7 / CentOS 8
snap command line tool to interact with snaps available on Snap Store.
Searching for a snap:
To search for Snaps, use
$ snap find <search terms>
This will query the store and list the results with their version number, developer names, and the description.
I’ll do an example for installation of Microsoft PowerShell automation and configuration management platform on CentOS 7 server.
$ snap search powershell Name Version Publisher Notes Summary powershell 7.2.1 microsoft-powershell✓ classic PowerShell for every system! powershell-preview 7.2.0-rc.1 microsoft-powershell✓ classic PowerShell for every system! starship 0.53.0 matankushner - The minimal, blazing-fast, and infinitely customizable prompt for any shell!
Install snap by running:
sudo yum install -y icu sudo snap install powershell --classic
Wait for the download to finish, it should take short time to complete. Since the binary file is located under,
/snap/bin/ we need to add this to the
$ sudo vim /etc/profile export PATH="$PATH:/snap/bin/"
Source the file to get new PATH
Test by starting the
# pwsh PowerShell 7.2.1 Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. https://aka.ms/pscore6-docs Type 'help' to get help. PS /root>
To list installed snaps:
$ snap list Name Version Rev Tracking Publisher Notes core18 20211028 2253 latest/stable canonical✓ base powershell 7.2.1 193 latest/stable microsoft-powershell✓ classic snapd 2.53.4 14295 latest/stable canonical✓ snapd
Manually update snaps by running snap refresh
$ sudo snap refresh powershell snap "powershell" has no updates available
To remove a snap, all you need to do is run.
snap remove <snap name> In our case just do:
$ sudo snap remove powershell powershell removed
Check snap info:
Use the command
snap info to check for more info about a snap package.
$ snap info powershell name: powershell summary: PowerShell for every system! publisher: Microsoft PowerShell✓ store-url: https://snapcraft.io/powershell contact: https://github.com/powershell/powershell license: unset description: | PowerShell is an automation and configuration management platform. It consists of a cross-platform (Windows, Linux, and macOS) command-line shell and associated scripting language. See https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/scripting/powershell-support-lifecycle for support details. commands: - powershell snap-id: JSNnoJl3EqkMuWoy5Dgq8PMqZ0uNcpie tracking: latest/stable refresh-date: today at 08:09 EAT channels: latest/stable: 7.2.1 2021-12-14 (193) 71MB classic latest/candidate: 7.2.1 2021-12-14 (193) 71MB classic latest/beta: 7.2.1 2021-12-14 (193) 71MB classic latest/edge: 7.2.1 2021-12-14 (193) 71MB classic lts/stable: 7.2.1 2021-12-14 (193) 71MB classic lts/candidate: 7.2.0 2021-11-09 (189) 71MB classic lts/beta: 7.2.0 2021-11-09 (189) 71MB classic lts/edge: 7.2.0 2021-11-09 (190) 71MB classic installed: 7.2.1 (193) 71MB classic
Roll back to a previous version of an application
$ sudo snap revert <snap name>
By now you should be able to install snaps the store, manually update them, remove them, check installed snaps and much more. The snap command line is designed to be as simple and memorisable as possible. It should become a second nature to you after using it just a couple of times.
Another example which uses a snap for installation is How to Install Wekan Open source Kanban on CentOS 7 with Nginx and Letsencrypt SSL.